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Reforms And Acts In India During British Period

Reforms And Acts In India During British Period

After establishing the complete control over Indian territories, British taking firm steps to encourage trade, they found that the country is best suited not only for rule but also to intervene in its social system. In this regards, they took plethora of steps to ameliorate the social life of the people. Here, we are giving list of various reforms and acts during British period in India.

S. No. NOMENCLATURE OF THE REFORMS/ACT YEAR DURING THE TERM OF SIGNIFICANCE
1. Prohibition of Sati and Femail infanticide 1829 Lord William Bentinck Supported By Raja Ram Mohan Roy
2. Indian Legislative Councils Act 1848 Lord Canning Envisaged association of Indians with the administration at high level.
3. Ilbert Bill 1883 Lord Ripon To bring Indian and European magistracy an equal footing
4. Indian Legislative Councils Act 1892 Lord Lansdown Mambership of the Canteral legislative councils was enlarged
5. Morley Minto Reforms 1901 Lord Minto II Separate electorates to widen the gulf between hindus and muslims
6. Indian Councils Act 1909 Lord Minto II —-
7. Dyarchy 1919 Lord Chelmsford Meaning Dual system of government
8. Rowlatt Act 1919 Lord Chelmsford Extraordinary powers were given to government to suppress the freedom struggle with General Dyer as the Commandant..
9. Simon Commission 1928 Lord Irwin To report working of the reforms; recommended dyarchy in provinces, India to be constituted as a federnation and Indianization of armed forces
10. Gandhi Irwin Pact 1931 Lord Irwin Congress called off the agitation and agree to participate in the second round table Conference.
11. Communal Award 1932 Lord Wellingdon Envisaged communal representation for depressed classes besides Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs
12. Separate electrorates 1932 Lord Wellingdon ———–
13. Government of India Act 1935 Lord Wellingdon Provides for a federal type of constitution
14. Cripps Mission 1942 Lord Linlithgow Proposed Dominion ststus for India after II World war
15. INA 1945 Lord Wavell INA prisoners of war were tried at Red Fort Delhi and Jawahar lal Nehru defended them.

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